Bultmann, Rudolf


Bultmann, Rudolf
(1884–1976)
German NT scholar. Professor at Marburg University and generally regarded as the foremost NT scholar of the 20th cent. His commentary on the gospel of John has been fundamental for all subsequent study of it. He was a leading exponent of Form Criticism and proposed a minimizing view of the value of the synoptic gospels as historical records. He held that John's gospel had been compiled from several sources, and was influenced by Gnosticism. Bultmann associated the NT with Hellenistic culture and religions (he wrote his major works before the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls) and argued that just as this environment became a vehicle for the gospel in the 1st cent., so contemporary thought could be used by theologians in the 20th cent. For us the supernatural elements in the gospels are no longer credible as described. But as a theologian Bultmann maintained that instead of being discarded they could be acceptably reinterpreted by preachers in terms of the modern philosophy of existentialism. The speculative mythological language of the NT could be re-expressed so that Christ reveals to us a new and authentic mode of existence. Bultmann's programme of demythologization became the main issue debated in NT studies from about 1945 to 1965. It was repudiated by Catholics and others who argued that myth and poetry continue to be a way of speaking, by analogy, of God, and that Bultmann's version of the Christian faith was so impoverished as to falsify it.

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  • Bultmann, Rudolf — ▪ German theologian Introduction born Aug. 20, 1884, Wiefelstede, Ger. died July 30, 1976, Marburg, W.Ger.       leading 20th century New Testament scholar known for his program to “demythologize” the New Testament; i.e., to interpret, according… …   Universalium

  • Bultmann, Rudolf — (1884 1976 )    German theologian and biblical scholar    Rudolf Karl Bultmann was born on August 20, 1884, in Wiefelstede, Oldenburg, Germany, the son of a Lutheran pastor. He attended the Universities of Tübingen, Berlin, and Marburg, where he… …   Encyclopedia of Protestantism

  • Bultmann, Rudolf — (1884–1976)    Theologian.    Bultmann was educated at the Universities of Marburg, Tübingen and Berlin. Subsequently he returned to Marburg where he taught the New Testament for thirty years. He was a pioneer in the form critical method of… …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Bultmann, Rudolf — (1884–1976) German religious thinker who worked mainly at Marburg, and was influenced by Heidegger . He is famous for a ‘demythologizing’ approach to religion, arguing that Christianity needs no commitment either to the historical claims of the… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • BULTMANN, Rudolf — (1884 1976)    from 1921 until 1951 professor of NEW TESTAMENT studies at Marburg. Bultmann developed the method of FORM CRITICISM as a radical methodological SKEPTICISM. With this historical skepticism he combined DIALECTICAL THEOLOGY and the… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Bultmann, Rudolf Karl — (1884 1976)    A theologian and scholar of the New Testament, Bultmann was influenced by neo Kantianism and the existentialism of Martin Heidegger. As a result, he categorically denied that there could be any miracles, including the resurrection… …   Christian Philosophy

  • Bultmann, Rudolf (Karl) — born Aug. 20, 1884, Wiefelstede, Ger. died July 30, 1976, Marburg, W.Ger. German Protestant theologian and New Testament scholar. The son of a Lutheran pastor, he studied at the University of Tübingen and later taught many years at Marburg… …   Universalium

  • Bultmann, Rudolf (Karl) — (20 ago. 1884, Wiefelstede, Alemania–30 jul. 1976, Marburgo). Teólogo protestante alemán y erudito del Nuevo Testamento. Hijo de un pastor luterano, fue alumno de la Universidad de Tubinga y luego profesor durante muchos años en Marburgo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Bultmann — Bultmann, Rudolf …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Rudolf Bultmann — Rudolf Karl Bultmann (* 20. August 1884 in Wiefelstede; † 30. Juli 1976 in Marburg) war ein evangelischer Theologe. Er wurde bekannt durch sein Programm der Entmythologisierung der neutestamentlichen Verkündigung. Er war Professor für Neues… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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